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IoT is Pushing the Transformation of Supply Chain Management

Tech businesses realize that integrating the web of Things (IoT) and the supply chain provides a smooth operation between many processes. Today, using IoT in logistics management is really a growing trend.

IoT is really a network of physical devices designed with sensors, software, and other tools to exchange data. Apart from sending and receiving information, the devices can monitor and set of the information. So, if information is transferred or exchanged between two devices without any human interaction, it's using IoT.

IoT devices are usually connected to computer systems through data or Wi-Fi networks. They will use gps systems (GPS) along with other technologies to track and authenticate products and shipments effectively.

How will the system benefit an electronics company? The key benefits of IoT are:

  • -Improves productivity
  • -Saves on cost
  • -Allows in-depth predictive analysis
  • -Reduces the human error factor
  • -Improves monitoring
  • -Enhances customer experience
  • -Increases opportunities for business

The equipment uses advanced IoT sensors to measure various facets of the nearby conditions inside the logistics of goods. This includes location, temperature, humidity, light levels, movement, handling, speed of motion, and much more. Electronic components are responsive to humidity, heat and electro-static discharge, for instance. IoT devices come in great shape, like RFID chips, smart devices, and mobile sensors.

IoT can provide real-time insights into the performance from the entire logistics and logistics operations. Listed here are the primary facets of supply chain management that benefit from while using system:

1. Monitoring storage conditions

The integration of IoT and also the logistics has the potential to resolve issues that arise when monitoring storage conditions. Some recycleables require specific storage conditions. Sudden changes in the temperature, humidity, or contact with light or even the atmosphere can impact the quality of products.

Goods like chemicals and food have to be kept in ideal conditions. Some IoT products are equipped with security systems that would go off when the the weather is breached. This tactic makes it much simpler to trace the quality of goods through the smart supply chain. Thus, it may cut costs by preventing the harm of products because of improper storage conditions.

For example, if a clients are expecting a delivery from an aluminum powder supplier, thanks to IoT, it can monitor the storage conditions from the substance. This is critical as aluminum powder releases flammable hydrogen gas as it pertains in contact with, for instance, water.

Moreover, the aluminum powder can react explosively with many chemicals. With IoT in position, the company could make sure the merchandise will be kept in the right conditions all the time.

2. Track location of goods

Integrating IoT with the entire trajectory from the supply chain allows a business to monitor the location of products accurately. You may also track the speed of movement and predict when merchandise is likely to arrive.

Thanks to IoT devices with built-in GPS, companies are aware of the real-time location of goods all the time. The connected devices and sensors may either be connected to the canisters or products.

Real-time tracking allows companies to calculate the delivery and, in case of delays, manage the situation accordingly. Companies can, for instance, send an apologetic email to the end customer informing them concerning the delay beforehand.

Delivery delays often cost companies a lot of money. Geopolitical tensions or pandemic-induced disruptions are only a few reasons to cause unpredicted setbacks. Knowing the exact location as well as an estimated time whenever a product can be delivered saves companies energy and resources. Tracking the place of products also helps manage the manufacturing pipeline as delays could be predicted.

Component traceability is also used being an anti-counterfeiting measure. Electronic components are often sold and re-sold in to the open market where they can be tampered with. When the provenance of parts could be traced to the factory, they're likely authentic.

3. Inventory management

Integrating IoT using the logistics is beneficial for inventory management. Unlike manual inventory systems, IoT technology provides companies with more accurate and timely visibility of the inventory.

Smart inventory management using IoT systems facilitates real-time visibility across inventory, warehouse, production, and distribution centers. For instance, sensors installed on shelves transmit real-time inventory information for their management system. This reduces inventory costs by reducing manual labor.

Electronic components are often bought from kits that could include countless SKUs. The precision of order-picking improves significantly with IoT data.

IoT devices can also alert warehouse operations when the way to obtain a particular stock is low therefore it can be ordered in advance. This tactic helps to prevent logistics issues and missing delivery dates.

The illustration below shows how IoT sensors and connected systems can improve a business' inventory management at a shop floor level:

Source: Researchgate.net

IoT data integrated into the ERP system can provide probably the most accurate real-time data to key decision-makers daily.

Integrating IoT and supply chain processes offers greater speed, scale, and accuracy of data exchange. The better the collaboration one of the multiple stakeholders of the supply chain, the stronger the supply chain is.

IoT can transform the availability chain of a company's management processes, like monitoring storage conditions, tracking the location of products, or managing the inventory.

As IoT devices rely totally on network connectivity to function well, it's critical to maintain a good network connection. The devices have to transmit their positions to GPS satellites, while other devices may require Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, or any other connectivity systems.

Finally, the IoT equipment should also be installed and powered correctly. The system should only be handled, attached, or removed by trained staff.